The African Union Convention on Preventing and Combating Corruption (AUCPCC) or (The Convention) was adopted at the Second Ordinary Session of the Assembly of the Heads of State and Government that was held in Maputo/Mozambique, on 11th July 2003. The Convention entered into force on 5th August 2006, thirty (30) days after the deposit of the fifteenth (15th) instrument of ratification. To date forty-four (44) countries have ratified and are States Parties to the Convention. The Convention provides for the establishment of the African Union Advisory Board on Corruption (AUABC), to among other things promote and encourage the adoption of measures and actions by State Parties to prevent, detect, punish and eradicate corruption and related offences in Africa as well as to follow-up on the application of those measures and submit a report to the Executive Council on a regular basis on the progress made by each State Party in complying with the provisions of the Convention. The AUABC was created on 26 May 2009 under Article 22 (1) of the Convention and its Secretariat is based in Arusha, Tanzania.
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